South-Eastern, East-Central Europe, West in South-Eastern and East-Central Europe throughout History

The Image(s) of South-Eastern and East-Central Europe throughout History. The Image(s) of the West in South-Eastern and East-Central Europe throughout History 

25-26 October 2013, “Ivo Pilar” Institute of Social Sciences, Zagreb (Croatia)

After the fall of communism, a large part of the region formerly known (primarily during the Cold War) as „Eastern Europe“  was conventionally divided by scholars and politicians in South-East and East-Central Europe. It was an attempt to emancipate the region from Russia and to overcome the legacy of the Cold War and its divisions, even though these two terms do not cover always the same realities. „South-East Europe“ is in fact an older term coined for the Balkans in the second half of the nineteenth century by Western scholars. “Central Europe“ (which is not the old Mitteleuropa because it does not include Germany) emerged only at the beginning of the 1980's „from the inside“ and in opposition with the Soviet Union.

Over the years, there has developed a growing subfield across many academic disciplines that examines the construction of identities in the region („the Other“, in the context of a Self-Other opposition). The birth of this subfield is due not only to the above mentioned political/historical conditions, but also lies in broader academic and cultural trends. This trends, for example, look at the role of Western Europeans and North-Americans in creating and imposing identities upon „others“, even in their home countries, by expressing superiority complexes and creating cultural hierarchies, at the same time wittingly and unwittingly aiming to establish and maintain control over those they characterize and categorize. It should be mentioned in this context the so-called „Orientalism“ and „Balkanism“, identified by Eduard Said and Maria Todorova, respectively, along with the works of Larry Wolff, Milica Bakic-Hayden, Vesna Goldsworthy, etc. Csaba Dupcsik has dubbed this set of studies collectivelly as a critique of „Euro-Orientalism“. However, in recent years some scholars (Richard Andrew Hall, Tony Judt, Misha Glenny, etc.) have been critical of the above mentioned theses and their works aim at deconstructing the critique of „Euro-Orientalism“.

Consequently, one of the aims of the proposed project is to insert itself in this very relevant debate on East Europeans („the Other Europe“) between the critique of „Euro-Orientalism“ and its opponents and to enrich it with its own results. It is intended to also take into consideration „the inverted perspective“: the image(s) of the West, of "Europe" in SEE and East-Central Europe. This topic, which turns the countries belonging to this region/these regions into actors, has become quite relevant over the last years, particularly because of the integration of a part of them into the European Union. The third perspective proposed by the project is that of the countries of South-East and East-Central Europe themselves on their region(s). There is reason to assume, at least as a working hypothesis, that the view on the region differs from country to country, offering insight in the interesting reasons of those differences and in the images and stereotypes of their neighbours. Last but not least, it would be interesting to learn about the image(s) of the above mentioned regions created more towards the East, namely in Russia and Japan.

Participants

1) Damir Agičić (Prof. Dr., Department of History of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, Croatia) - The Image of Central Europe in Croatia at the Turn of the 19th Century“

2) Pedro Bádenas (Prof. Dr., Institute of Languages and Cultures of the Mediterranean, Council for Scientific Research - CSIC, Madrid - Spain, President of the Spanish National Committee of AIESEE) - „Greek Perceptions of Their Albanian, Macedonian and Turkish Neighbours“

3) Dušan T. Bataković (Researcher, Institute for Balkan Studies, SerbianAcademy for Sciences and Arts, Belgrade - Serbia, President of the Serbian National Committee of AIESEE) – „Revisionism into Stereotypes? Post-1991 Historiography on Serbs and Serbia“

4) Gábor Demeter (Research fellow – Ph.D., Institute of History of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest - Hungary) – Do Ancient Stereotypes Prevail and What Political Ideas Do They Serve? The Image of Balkan Peoples Through the Eyes of Hungarian Politicians (Thallóczy Lajos) and Travellers (19th Century)

5) Areti Demosthenous (Director, Institute of Historical Research for Peace, Nicosia - Cyprus, President of the Cypriot National Committee of AIESEE) – Commerce Means Stability: Russian Investments to Turkey and the Image of Turks and Russians

6) Ljiljana Dobrovšak (Research associate/Assistant professor, „Ivo Pilar“ Institute of Social Sciences, Zagreb - Croatia) - The Image of Galician Jews in Croatian Satirical Papers at the End of the 19th Century“

7) Davor Dukić (Prof. Dr., Department of Croatistics of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, Croatia) - "Juraj Šižgorić and the Ottomans: the Image of the Other in a Late Medieval Dalmatian Commune" (in collaboration with Borislav Grgin)

8) Guido Franzinetti (Professor, Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Eastern Piedmont „Amedeo Avogadro“, Alessandria - Italy) – „The Strange Death of South-Eastern and East-Central Europe during the Cold War: A Southern European Perspective“

9) Natalia Golant (Researcher, Peter the GreatMuseum of Anthropology and Ethnography - Kunstkamera, St. Petersburg - Russia) – „Ethnic Stereotypes of Romanians: Images of the Neighbours in Romanian Folklore“

10) Borislav Grgin (Prof. Dr., Department of History of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, Croatia) - "Juraj Šižgorić and the Ottomans: the Image of the Other in a Late Medieval Dalmatian Commune" (in collaboration with Davor Dukić)  

11) Francesco Guida (Dean, Faculty of Political Sciences – University Roma Tre, Rome - Italy, President of the AIESEE Italian National Committee) – „The Idea of Europe in Romania and Romania’s Image in Western Europe“

12) Caroline Hornstein-Tomić (Research associate/Assistant professor, „Ivo Pilar“ Institute of Social Sciences, Zagreb - Croatia) – „How imaginaries of <home> and <destination> frame (re-)migration processes – examples from fictional and biographic narratives in East/West European migration contexts“

13) Árpád Hornyák (Senior research fellow, Institute of History of the HungarianAcademy of Sciences, Budapest - Hungary) – “The Image of Hungary and the Hungarians in the Yugoslav Foreign Policy 1918-1945”

14) Shinichi Ishida (Professor, AtomiUniversity, Tokio - Japan) - “The Image of the Balkans in the JapaneseSchool Textbooks Today”

15) Rexhep Ismajli (Academician, The Academy of Sciences and Arts, Prishtina - Kosovo, President of the National Committee of AIESEE of Kosova)„Dynamique des structures de l'albanais standard“

16) Igor Kaliganov (Leading Research  Fellow, Professor, Institute of Slavic Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow - Russia) – Bulgaria and Bulgarians Through the Eyes of the Liberators in 1877-1878 (an Artist, a Doctor, a Nurse and a Don Cossack Officer)“

17) Vera Katz (Researcher, Institute for History, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina) – “The Creation of Public Opinion in Bosnia and Herzegovina on the Countries of South-Eastern and Western Europe According to the Daily Newspaper <Oslobođenje>, 1945-1990“

18)Alexandre Kostov (Director, Institute for Balkan Studies, Sofia, Bulgaria, President of the Bulgarian National Cοmmittee οf AΙESEE) – „The Image of the "Economic"West in Bulgaria During the 20th Century“

19) Miloš Ković (Assistant Professor, Department of History, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Serbia) – „The Image of the 19th-Century Serbs in the Recent Historiography”

20) Tatjana Krizman Malev (Retired Researcher/Professor, Istituto di storia della Resistenza, Trieste-Italy) – „Le substrat mythologique-populaire de la tragédie de l’histoire: l’activité de Stjepan Verković en Macédoine (1862-1876)“

21) Persida Lazarević (Professor, Università Chieti-Pescara, Italy) – „Valussi's Historical Antinomy About South Slavs (19th Century)“

22) Castilia Manea-Grgin (Senior research associate/Assistant professor, „Ivo Pilar“ Institute of Social Sciences, Zagreb - Croatia, President of the Croatian National Cοmmittee οf AΙESEE) – „Romanians and their Rulers in the Writings of Croatian Authors (15th-18th Centuries)“

23) Rebeka Mesarić Žabčić (Senior research associate/Assistant professor, Institute for Migrations and Ethnic Studies, Zagreb - Croatia) – The Image of Croatia Through the Eyes of Croatian Immigrants“

24) Magdalena Najbar-Agičić (Associate Professor, MediaUniversity, Koprivnica -Croatia) – „Communist Party Historiography in Yugoslavia vs Communist Party Historiographies in the Eastern Block: How Did They See Each Other?“

25) Aleksandr Novik (Head of the Department of European Studies, Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography - Kunstkamera, The Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg - Russia) – „Albanians in Albania, Kosova, F.Y.R.O.M., Montenegro, Serbia, and Greece: Seeing the Neighbourhood of the Western Balkans“

26) Vassiliki Papoulia (Prοfessοr Emeritus at ΑristοtleUniversity of Thessaloniki - Greece, President of the Greek National Cοmmittee οf AΙESEE) – „Temps historique et variabilité politique en péninsule d'Hémos“

27) Vojislav Pavlović (Researcher, Institute for Balkan Studies, SerbianAcademy for Sciences and Arts, Belgrade - Serbia) - The Perception of Tito’s Regime in the West 1943 – 1961”

28) Jacek Raszewski (Ph.D., Department „Artes Liberales”, University of Warsaw, Poland) - “The Missing Link: Byzantium as Perceived by the Modern Greek Romanticism”

29) Klaus Roth (Prof. Dr., Institut für Volkskunde/Europäische Ethnologei, Universität Muenchen, Germany, President of the German National Cοmmittee οf AΙESEE) - "Looking West: 'Europe' in the Eyes of Southeast Europeans"

30) Bardh Rugova (Prof. asoc. dr., Head of Department of Albanian Language/ Director of the Seminar on Albanian Language, Literature and Culture, University of Prishtina, Kosovo) - "The Images of Albania in the New York Times Articles (1911-1913)“

31) Ines Sabotič (Assistant professor, Department of History, Croatian Catholic University, Zagreb - Croatia) - „Paris dans les récits de voyage de A.G. Matoš autour de 1900“

32) Wojciech Sajkowski (Researcher – Ph.D., Polish Comission for Balkan Studies, Polish Academy of Science, Poznan, Poland) - "The Image of Croatian Soldiers in the 18th-Century French Press"

33) Irena Sawicka (Prof. Dr., Institute of Slavic Studies, PolishAcademy of Sciences) - "A Crossroads of the West, East and Orient – the Case of the Albanian Culture"

34) Isak Shema (Prof. Dr., University of Prishtina, Kosovo) – “L’image de Kosova dans les romans modernes de Ismail Kadare“

35) Nobuhiro Shiba (Professor Emeritus, University of Tokyo, Japan, President of the Japanese National Cοmmittee οf AΙESEE) -  “The Image of Yugoslavia in the Japanese Novel in the Period Between the Two World Wars”

36) Riko Shiba (Associate Professor, University of Information Sciences, Tokyo - Japan) – „The Images of South-Eastern and East-Central Europe in Japanese History Textbooks before the Second World War“

37) Dinko Sokcsevits (Prof. Dr., Head of the Department for Croatistics and Director of the Institut for Slavistics, University of Pecs, Hungary) – The Respective Images of the Hungarians and Croats in Hungary, Croatia and Serbia in the Early 20th Century”  

38) Veljko Stanić (Researcher, Institute for Balkan Studies, SerbianAcademy of Sciences and Arts, Belgrade - Serbia) – „French Intellectuals and Serbo-Croatian Elites 1914-1939: The Images of South-Eastern Europe in an Intellectual Dialogue?“

39) Jolanta Sujecka (Prof. Dr., Department „Artes Liberales”, University of Warsaw, Poland, President of the Polish National Cοmmittee οf AΙESEE) – “The Image of the Balkans and Macedonia in the Writings of Gòrgìja Pulevski (1822/23-1893)

40) Blerina Suta (Professor, University of Elbasan – Albania / Rome-Italy) – „‘Image’ et ‘mirage’ de l’autre dans la tradition littéraire albanaise“

41) Nicolae Şerban Tanaşoca (Director, Institute for South-East European Studies of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest-Romania, President of the Romanian National Cοmmittee οf AΙESEE) - Pays européen ou pays balkanique? En marge du débat concernant la place des Roumains dans l'histoire universelle“

42) Vasilka Tapkova Zaimova (Retired Professor, Institute for Balkan Studies of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia-Bulgaria, Vice-President of AIESEE) – „Le sud-est européen dans les représentations des sociétés intellectuelles de l'Occident médiéval“

43) Răzvan Theodorescu (Academician, RomanianAcademy, Bucharest-Romania, the Secretary General of AIESEE)„The Two Europes“

44) Filip Tomić (Research assistant, „Ivo Pilar“ Institute of Social Sciences, Zagreb - Croatia) – „The Representation of the Croatian Military Border in the First Half of the 19th Century Based Upon Austrian Encyclopedias and Lexicons“

45) Vlatka Tomić (Teacher of history and sociology, the III Gymnasium, Zagreb) – „The Representation of the Military Border in the First Half of the 19th Century Based Upon Austrian Encyclopedias and Lexicons“ (in collaboration with Filip Tomić)

46) Elena Uzeneva (Executive Director, Institute of Slavic Studies of the RussianAcademy of Sciences, Moscow - Rusia) - "<Western> in the History and Culture of the Muslim Slavs in the Balkans"

47) Danijel Vojak (Research associate, „Ivo Pilar“ Institute of Social Sciences, Zagreb - Croatia) – „The Other's People: the Social Position of Jews and Roma Minorities in the Banovina of Croatia, 1939 – 1941“

48) Zdravka Zlodi (Research associate/Assistant professor, Croatian Institute for History, Zagreb - Croatia) – „The Pan-Slavic Idea and the Croatian Quest in the 19th Century“

49) Ivana Žebec (Research associate, „Ivo Pilar“ Institute of Social Sciences, Zagreb - Croatia) – „The Image of the City in South-Eastern and East-Central Europe in the Period Between the Two World Wars – the Case Study of Zagreb“