How European was the 18th cent. in the Balkans?

  • The European character of the 18th cent. Balkan - Ideology, 2. Political ideology, 3.Original lay literature of any kind. 4.Plastic arts

  • Another issue are the Translations from Western literatures (choices and implicit aims, circulation).

  • Yet another one are The linguistic skills ( the liturgical language, the cultivation of the vernaculars, the knowledge of ancient Greek, the actual knowledge of Ottoman languages) , actually The proficiency in Western languages ( bilingual or multi-lingual dictionaries).

  • The last is Public performances, theatre-a wishful aim ( records of traditions, extent of shadow/ puppet theatre ,original texts and translations , attempts to imitate the liturgical theatre of the West in the orthodox church).